The outbreak of Coronavirus

A_CoV_RHA

Worldwide health issue in 2020 is the COVID -19 disease rapidly boom in many countries day by day. It was found in China in early December 2019 & now it affected in 185 countries causing 11,201 deaths among deaths 267,013 confirmed cases (according to information from WHO – World Health Organization updated in 22 March 2020, 02:08 GMT+5:30).

As our country, Sri Lanka has huge impact & full turnover on this disease, we The Rapid Home Art thought doing an editorial which gathered by trusted sources regarding the matter to address & educate our audience being responsible human beings. So this article will display about what is CoV, the symptoms, how it cause and how to prevent.

What is a coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses found in both animals and humans. Some infect people and are known to cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

However Novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. The CoV causes respiratory disease which can spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes and can be transmitted from person to person, usually after close contact with an infected patient, for example in a household, workplace, or hospitals.

As reported from WHO at this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19 even though many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments is going on. The root cause for the infection will mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. As important fact we can say this can develop to a serious illness for the older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer.

We can stay safe from this disease if we are well informed, how it causes & how it spreads. We can protect ourselves & others just by following regular etiquettes properly like washing hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching the face.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.

It can be more severe for some persons and can lead to pneumonia or breathing difficulties. More rarely, the disease can be fatal. As mentioned older people, and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as, diabetes and heart disease) seem to be at more risk of becoming severely ill with the virus.

How does it spread?

The disease cause by connection with infected person which can spread from person to person through;

  1. Small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales.
  2. When these droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth.
  3. If they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets.

This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.

As per ongoing research WHO stated that;

  • COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets rather than through the air.
  • Chances for CoVID-19 be caught from a person who has no symptoms is very low. However, many people with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms. This is particularly true at the early stages of the disease. It is therefore possible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has, for example, just a mild cough and does not feel ill.
  • The risk of catching COVID-19 from the feces of an infected person appears to be low. While initial investigations suggest the virus may be present in feces in some cases, spread through this route is not a main feature of the outbreak. Because this is a risk, however, it is another reason to clean hands regularly, after using the bathroom and before eating.
  • At present there is no evidence that pets such as cats and dogs have been infected or have spread the virus.

Who get this virus?

People living or travelling in an area where the novel coronavirus infection is circulating may be at risk of infection. At present, this virus is circulating in countries like China, Italy & South Korea where the vast majority of people infected have been reported. Those infected from other countries are among people who have recently travelled from that countries or who have been living or working closely with those travelers, such as family members or co-workers. Health workers caring for persons who are sick with CoV are at higher risk and must protect themselves with appropriate infection prevention and control procedures.

What can I do to protect myself and prevent the spread of disease?

Protection measures for everyone

Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. Many countries around the world have seen cases of COVID-19 and several have seen outbreaks. Authorities in China and some other countries have succeeded in slowing or stopping their outbreaks. However, the situation is unpredictable so check regularly for the latest news.

You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions:

  1. Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
  • Because washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
  1. Maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
  • Because when someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.
  1. Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Because hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.
  1. Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
  • Because droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
  1. Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
  • Because national and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
  1. Keep up to date on the latest COVID-19 hotspots (cities or local areas where COVID-19 is spreading widely). If possible, avoid traveling to places – especially if you are an older person or have diabetes, heart or lung disease.
  • Because you have a higher chance of catching COVID-19 in one of these areas.
  1. Avoid any people gathering events or places.
  • Because when we open with many people if we follow proper guidelines & others don’t we can’t guarantee that we are being protected. So avoid these things unless it’s super important try to follow these protective precautions 100% especially as Sri Lankan we need to support for the police curfew. Don’t put yours & others life at a risk.
  1. Support for the local government & health regulations.
  • Because those regulations is for confirm all of ours safety. So be supportive, smart, careful, alert & kind to the operations that runs through the country. Especially in Sri Lanka if you someone whom came back with another country, or if you had close relationship with those people or if you have those symptoms please inform the PHI of your area or you can even go to a government hospital for checkup.

Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading;

  1. Follow the guidance outlined above (Protection measures for everyone)
  2. Self-isolate by staying at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache, low grade fever (37.3 C or above) and slight runny nose, until you recover. If it is essential for you to have someone bring you supplies or to go out, e.g. to buy food, then wear a mask to avoid infecting other people.
  • Because avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
  1. If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call in advance and tell your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers.
  • Because calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.

How likely am I to catch COVID-19?

The risk depends on where you are – and more specifically, whether there is a COVID-19 outbreak unfolding there. In every country like Sri Lanka they inform the most risked areas & places (even police curfew locate in island wide at the moment), if you are in those places please be extra careful by following above mentioned precautions.

For most people in most locations the risk of catching COVID-19 is still low. However, there are now places around the world (cities or areas) where the disease is spreading. For people living in, or visiting, these areas the risk of catching COVID-19 is higher. Governments and health authorities are taking vigorous action every time a new case of COVID-19 is identified. Be sure to comply with any local restrictions on travel, movement or large gatherings. Cooperating with disease control efforts will reduce your risk of catching or spreading COVID-19.

COVID-19 outbreaks can be contained and transmission stopped, as has been shown in China and some other countries. Unfortunately, new outbreaks can emerge rapidly. It’s important to be aware of the situation where you are or intend to go.

Should I worry about COVID-19?

Illness due to COVID-19 infection is generally mild, especially for children and young adults. However, it can cause serious illness: about 1 in every 5 people who catch it need hospital care. It is therefore quite normal for people to worry about how the COVID-19 outbreak will affect them and their loved ones.

We can channel our concerns into actions to protect ourselves, our loved ones and our communities. First and foremost among these actions is regular and thorough hand-washing and good respiratory hygiene. Secondly, keep informed and follow the advice of the local health authorities including any restrictions put in place on travel, movement and gatherings.

Should I wear a mask to protect myself?

Only wear a mask if you are ill with COVID-19 symptoms (especially coughing) or looking after someone who may have COVID-19. Disposable face mask can only be used once. If you are not ill or looking after someone who is ill then you are wasting a mask. There is a world-wide shortage of masks, so WHO urges people to use masks wisely.

WHO advises rational use of medical masks to avoid unnecessary wastage of precious resources and misuse of masks. The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are mentioned in above with details.

How to put on, use, take off and dispose of a mask?

  1. Remember, a mask should only be used by health workers, care takers, and individuals with respiratory symptoms, such as fever and cough.
  2. Before touching the mask, clean hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water
  3. Take the mask and inspect it for tears or holes.
  4. Orient which side is the top side (where the metal strip is).
  5. Ensure the proper side of the mask faces outwards (the coloured side).
  6. Place the mask to your face. Pinch the metal strip or stiff edge of the mask so it moulds to the shape of your nose.
  7. Pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your mouth and your chin.
  8. After use, take off the mask; remove the elastic loops from behind the ears while keeping the mask away from your face and clothes, to avoid touching potentially contaminated surfaces of the mask.
  9. Discard the mask in a closed bin immediately after use.
  10. Perform hand hygiene after touching or discarding the mask – Use alcohol-based hand rub or, if visibly soiled, wash your hands with soap and water.

How long is the incubation period for COVID-19?

The “incubation period” means the time between catching the virus and beginning to have symptoms of the disease. Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days, most commonly around five days. These estimates will be updated as more data become available.

As from us The Rapid Home Art; we all want to say is be safe, cooperative, smart & kind in the critical time in the world. As Sri Lankan we all overcome in many disasters like Tsunami, war & bomb attacks. In those times it all happen unexpectedly or we only have to watch & do nothing. But this time it’s different, we all know this disaster is approaching, should we stay still & do nothing but doing ourselves without considering regulations? NO!!! My dear friends we need to support authority & health providers of Sri Lanka from our very best.

Let’s be responsible citizens & keep our self-discipline in order to defeat Corona Virus because it’s on our hand. Government provide best outer protective measures locating curfew & making public holidays in working days while health ministry providing best health service to the public. Even maternal & child health care service are instructed to provide safety for the pregnant mothers by extra care through limiting antenatal clinic except special needing mothers (has illnesses like diabetic, heart disease) & it is also scheduled.

All we need to do is simply follow personal hygiene etiquettes like mentioned above & avoiding risky situations, so guys let’s do this. Stay at home, be self-isolated!!! Have a happy time with your family. If you have suffering from cough, fever like above mentioned symptoms go for a government hospital (it might not only the case of CoV through) or cooperate with the “incubation period” treatment, because Sri Lankan authority making huge sacrificing for this process & to produce us to best care. So please support them & don’t try to avoid this process, it is for our own safety & our loved ones safety. Again & again we are telling you that, we need to overcome this quickly, we can’t be trapped in same point for long to do that let’s work together as it’s our key responsibility.

Be safe, Stay at home, Follow protection measures & let’s end this disaster!!! May Triple Gems Protect You! God Bless You! May Allah Have Mercy On You!

(Reported from according to the source of information in World Health Organization & Ministry of Health and Indigenous Medical Services in Sri Lanka. )

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